The politics of conservation: mapping critique

The literature on conservation encompasses a number of critical perspectives.

We have mapped five – at times interrelated – approaches to the critique of hegemonic species/biodiversity conservation:

- critical engagements focusing on colonial histories of conservation efforts and paradigms

- critical perspectives exploring the increasing securitization and militarization happening in the wake or under the guise of environmental protection and nature conservation, such as surveillance and anti-poaching efforts

- focus on the incursion of neoliberal logics and the increasing privatization and marketization of conservation measures

- consideration of the legal frameworks, international treaties and associated institutions and organizations, including powerful NGOs such as WWF and Nature Conservancy

- alternative methods of conservation, such as “convivial conservation”

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